A workstation is a computer geared toward the usage of professional applications. Higher-end workstation computers often feature processors with 12 or even more CPU cores and a Quadro or Radeon Pro Graphics (or even a gaming card).
Sometimes the difference between a typical PC and a workstation can be indiscernible. However, workstations are often set apart by higher-end CPUs or GPUs; or even specialty components like raid cards, capture cards, specialized sound cards, and more.
Workstations often can share a lot with an average desktop or gaming desktop depending on the intended use case. Still, sometimes the intended purpose can significantly affect the hardware. Some unique features that would firmly place a system into the workstation definition would be ample storage, a professional series graphics card, a high core count CPU, and increased memory.
Some popular workstation applications include Maya, Redshift, Autodesk, Adobe Premier, and Vegas. The list is endless as countless industries use workstation computes in Game production, Video creation, equipment manufacturing, complex simulations, and more.
It's essential to plan what application(s) your system will use. Some complex simulation applications rely heavily on the CPU, but a video card may not matter, or you may need a great video card for 3D rendering. The answer to what is most important is highly variable in a workstation, but our sales team can help if needed.
For some indication as to which PC is best, most professional applications will have recommended specifications. You can take the most vital recommendations from each application you intend to use and combine them to determine the best system for you.